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Performance of hybrid entanglement photon pair source for quantum key distribution

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February 3, 2010

We develop a source of hybrid entanglement pairs between two different degrees of freedom, a 1550 nm time-bin qubit and an 810 nm polarization qubit. The polarization qubit at 810 nm is transformed by an asymmetric Mach-Zehnder interferometer consisted of a Glan laser prism and a polarization-maintaining fiber. We obtained visibilities of 95.8% and 88% with tolerance ±0.2 and ±1% along Z-Z and X-X axes on the Poincare sphere, respectively with a coincidence count rate of more than 800 c/s after entanglement format transformation. These values are well above the threshold of 70.7% needed to violate a Bell inequality and allow distilling a secure key in the quantum key distribution.

For more detail:
Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 261103 (2009);

Quantum ICT Advanced Development Center